According to a conservative estimate, 36 million people worldwide suffer from blindness, while a report published in the health journal LANCET GLOBAL HEALTH fears that If this rate of medical problems continues to rise, the number of blind people worldwide will reach 1.5 billion by 2050.
Pakistan is the third largest country in the world in terms of the number of eye patients, with 20 million people suffering from various visual impairments, including three million children, while 80% of these patients suffer from cataracts. Suffering.
There are many eye diseases, but we have poor eyesight, whites and blackheads.
Cataracts are a condition in which the lens of the eye gradually blurs and causes loss of vision. In fact, with age, the eyelids become brittle, but sometimes it is Increases the extent to which light cannot reach the inside of the eye completely, making people and objects appear blurred, even making it difficult to carry out daily activities, but also a type of white pearl. Yes, in which the patient’s routine life is not affected.
Black cataract is the exact opposite. Black cataract, which is called “glaucoma” in medical terms, is one of the deadliest diseases of the eye. If it causes loss of vision once, then there is no recovery. Timely diagnosis and treatment can prevent complete loss of vision. It is a common notion here that white cataracts become chronic and turn into black cataracts, which is absolutely not true.
Cataracts can occur at any age, especially in old age. In some cases it is hereditary.
To treat white cataracts, the cataract is surgically removed and replaced with an artificial lens, so that life can be lived as normal, while black cataract can be treated with timely diagnosis, so when the age is forty years. If it is more than then, whether there is any problem or not, an annual medical examination of the eyes must be done and if black cataract is included in the family history, then all the members of the family should get their eyes examined every year.
Cataracts are treated with herbal remedies, eye drops, laser beams, and scalp.
Visual impairment can be distant or even close. Over the past few decades, the rate of visual impairment has increased rapidly in people of all ages, especially children, mainly due to the Internet, computers, laptops, mobiles. And there is a growing use of tablets and so on.
These electronic devices should be used sparingly to protect them from visual impairment. Then in the present era, as it has become necessary to use computers in offices as well, it is necessary to remove the eyes from the screen every few minutes for a few seconds. Because keeping the eyes fixed not only makes the eyes tired, it also creates irritability in the mood.
Also, air-conditioned rooms can cause dryness of the eyelids.
In addition, conjunctivitis is a disease in which the membrane in front of the eye is affected. Common symptoms include watery eyes, swollen eyes and a tingling sensation, sometimes after waking up. If the eyelids stick to each other, instead of using any kind of eye drops etc., consult a specialist.
In addition, some diseases have adverse effects on the eyes, such as diabetes. It is estimated that about 50% of blind patients suffer from diabetes, while those affected are more likely to have white or black cataracts. They are more common than normal people. It would be better for diabetics to have their eyes checked at least every six months.
There is also an incurable disease called NYCTALOPIA, commonly known as “night blindness”. In this disease, nothing is visible in the dark and low light, due to which the inner membrane of the eye is damaged. As the disease progresses, it is better not to marry each other in families where hepatitis B is inherited.
The use of contact lenses is also common in our country, but precautions must be taken in this regard, for example, always use high quality lenses, change their solution every three days and always keep them in a clean place.
Avoid applying it to the eyes after the expiration date. Wash your hands thoroughly before taking off and applying the lenses, never sleep at night. Do not use the lenses if you have redness or watery eyes. If there is any sting or discomfort from the application, take it off immediately. Otherwise, there may be sores in the front part of the eyes and if there is an infection in the sores, vision can also be affected.
Similarly, the use of a helmet for a motorcyclist is also beneficial for the eyes, because while riding a motorbike, on the one hand, the eyes feel constant air, which makes them dry, and on the other hand, if there is any particle of dust, etc. If I go, it can be dangerous. Foods that provide energy to the body, their food is also useful for eyesight. To protect the eyes from poor eyesight and other disorders, eye protection should be done and for that. Precautions are inevitable.